Scope 1, 2 & 3 Emissions
Scope 1 emissions refer to direct greenhouse gas emissions that are released directly from sources that are owned or controlled by a company. This includes emissions from fuel combustion in company-owned vehicles, as well as emissions from on-site fuel combustion in boilers, furnaces, and other equipment used for heating, cooling, or power generation.
Scope 2 emissions refer to indirect greenhouse gas emissions that result from the generation of electricity, heat, or steam that a company consumes. This includes emissions from the production of electricity, heat, or steam at a power plant that is not owned by the company, but that the company uses as an energy source.
Scope 3 emissions refer to all other indirect greenhouse gas emissions that are a result of a company’s activities, but that are not included in scope 1 or scope 2 emissions. This includes emissions from the use of a company’s products (such as the emissions from burning gasoline in a company’s cars), emissions from business travel, and emissions from the disposal or end-of-life treatment of a company’s products.
Measuring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions is an important part of understanding and reducing a company’s carbon footprint. Companies may use different methodologies to calculate their emissions, but the scopes described above provide a common framework for evaluating and comparing emissions across different sectors and industries. By understanding and addressing their scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions, companies can take steps to reduce their environmental impact and contribute to global efforts to address climate change.