Income tax is a tax levied on an individual’s income in the UK. It is one of the main sources of revenue for the government and is used to fund public services such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure.
In the UK, income tax is levied on a progressive basis, meaning that the tax rate increases as an individual’s income increases. The current income tax rates and thresholds in the UK are as follows:
- Tax-free allowance: The first £12,570 of an individual’s income is tax-free.
- Basic rate: Income between £12,571 and £50,270 is taxed at 20%.
- Higher rate: Income between £50,271 and £150,000 is taxed at 40%.
- Additional rate: Income over £150,000 is taxed at 45%.
In addition to these income tax rates, there are also a number of tax allowances and reliefs that can reduce an individual’s tax liability. For example, individuals may be eligible for a personal allowance, which is an amount of income that is tax-free, or a tax-free savings allowance, which allows individuals to earn a certain amount of interest on their savings tax-free.
Income tax is usually collected through a system of Pay As You Earn (PAYE), which means that tax is deducted from an individual’s wages or salary before they receive it. Individuals who are self-employed or who receive income from other sources, such as investments, must file an annual tax return to declare their income and pay any tax owed.
Income tax is an important source of revenue for the government, but it can also be a burden for individuals, especially those with high levels of income. As a result, the UK government has implemented a number of measures to help individuals and families manage their income tax burden, including tax credits and exemptions. It is always a good idea for individuals to seek advice from a tax professional or financial advisor to ensure that they are paying the appropriate amount of income tax.